Alternative Careers Guide

February 15, 2009

The Alternative

Careers Guide


What the Careers Service

hasn’t been telling you

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Photo by Lewis Bush

Introduction

The Careers Service at Warwick aims to offer students impartial advice and information about the jobs and companies it supports, so that graduates can make well-informed choices about who they want to work for[1]. But there are a few important details that you won’t find in the graduate recruitment packs; so in the interests of free education and information we have put an alternative careers guide together for you, a quick rundown of everything they probably will not tell you.

The Careers Service and the graduate recruitment services of several large ‘engineering’ firms have been systematically misrepresenting their activities to students. For instance: how would you like to be working for a company with “a long commitment to education…to help ensure young people have the best possible start in life”[2], one that offers “exciting career opportunities…in a wide range of professional disciplines…with facilities located across the UK, and businesses seeking to grow their capabilities to meet new customer opportunities”, who can “offer you the chance to develop a career you can be proud of”[3]? But what they are carefully skirting around is the unfortunate fact that the company in question is BAE systems, the 3rd largest global arms manufacturer, currently under investigation over arms deals in Chile, Czech Republic, Qatar, Romania, South Africa and Tanzania, subject to a Serious Fraud Office investigation into the Al Yamamah arms deal to Saudi Arabia which was abruptly shut down in 2006 over suspect reasons of national security, and revealed by the Sunday Times to have carried out a “widespread spying operation” on its critics where “bank accounts were accessed, computer files downloaded and private correspondence with members of parliament and ministers secretly copied and passed on.”

Campaign groups such as the Campaign Against the Arms Trade and Weapons out of Warwick are fighting on a local and global scale to educate, and to expose the activities of arms companies. Not all are exclusively devoted to defence and security, like BAE: Rolls Royce, for instance, is more likely bring to mind flash cars than fighter jets and nuclear submarines, yet they receive roughly a quarter of their profits from the arms trade.

Arm companies profit from conflict, murder and destruction. An increase in global instability and conflict is in their direct and highly lucrative interest, if their companies are going to continue to, in the words of BAE CEO Mike Turner, “achieve sustainable and profitable growth well into the future”[4]. An expansion in arms dealing relies on an expansion of war, a greater number of dead and more schools, homes and communities wiped out. The arms trade severely undermines human rights, security and economic development at global, regional, national and local levels.

It is not our aim to prevent students from working for these companies if they choose, but it is our aim to provide them with all the facts before they come to make that decision. Weapons Out Of Warwick holds strong views on the arms trade but we recognise that not all students share this view. The Careers service recommends that students find out all they can about companies before joining them; this guide aims to provide that information. We have defined an arms company as any company who designs or manufactures products specifically for the military application.


BAE Systems

3rd Largest Arms Manufacturer in the World. Largest UK arms Company. £15.7 billion sales[5], £11.8 billion military sales, 83% military[6]. 6 Ongoing Corruption investigations in the UK (not including the Serious Fraud Office inquiry into the Al Yamamah Saudi deal, stopped by the government). Less than 20% of BAE’s sales are to the UK[7]. In September 2003 The Sunday Times reported that BAE had hired a private security contractor to collate information about individuals working at the Campaign Against Arms Trade and their activities. In February 2007, it again obtained private confidential information from CAAT. In September 2005 The Guardian alleged that banking records showed that BAE paid £1 million to Augusto Pinochet, the former Chilean dictator.

Products include: Assault rifles and handguns (H&K), Combat Aircraft, Nuclear weapons (via MBDA), Missiles, Artillery Guns, Munitions, Armoured Vehicles, Tanks, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Warships, Radar Systems, Nuclear Submarines and shackles used in Guantanamo Bay and Saudi Arabia (from their subsidiary Hiatts[8]).

Military customers of note include the UK, US, Israel, China, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia (Hawk Jets sold during the violent repression of East Timor), India, Pakistan, Tanzania, Lebanon, Poland, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Romania, Chile, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Columbia, Egypt, Ghana, Afghanistan, Brazil, Columbia, Qatar, Algeria (via Qatar)[9], Malaysia, Kenya, Czech Republic, Sweden, Morocco (including attempting to secure a deal in the conflict area of Western Sahara), Greece, Germany, Italy, Austria, Australia, Finland, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Nepal, Uruguay, Vietnam,

Rolls Royce

17th Largest Arms Manufacturer in the world[10]. 2nd Largest UK Arms Company. Approximately $14.2 Billion of Military Sales making up 25% of total sales[11]. Rolls Royce is the 2nd Largest Manufacturer of Aerospace Engines powering approximately 25% of the world’s military aircraft and has its equipment installed on over 2,200 warships including all of the UK’s nuclear submarines.

Rolls Royce Produces engines for Military aircraft made by other arms companies such as BAE systems, Boeing and Lockheed Martin, they manufacture the engines for the Eurofighter, Jaguar, Harrier, Tornado, Hawk Jet, Apache and Tiger attack helicopters. Rolls Royce also deals in ship design, electronics for naval forces and submarine equipment. Rolls Royce’s Subsidiary Rolls Royce Raynesway manufacturers parts for nuclear reactors including control rods, valves and other components and its plant at Raynesway has numerous safety concerns about the control and techniques for nuclear waste disposal[12].

Military customers include Israel, Indonesia (Hawk jets sold during the East Timor conflict and allegedly used against civilians in the Aceh province), Turkey, US, UK, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, UAE, Brunei, Malaysia, South Korea, Kenya and Zimbabwe. Rolls Royce also sells the jet engines used in the Myanmar national airline which is a nationalised operation which helps finance the Burmese Junta.

Park Air Systems (Northrop Grumman)

4th Largest Arms Manufacturer in the World1. Total sales for 2006 US$30.1 billion, 90% military sales[13]. A 1999 lawsuit accuses Northrop of knowingly giving the Navy defective drones from 1988 to 1998 and seeks $210 million in damages. A 1992 case filed in Illinois questions how Northrop accounted for “scrap” parts, according to a Securities and Exchange Commission filing. That suit seeks $113 million in damages. Deputy Secretary of Defence Paul Wolfowitz, Vice-Presidential Chief of Staff I. Lewis Libby, Pentagon Comptroller Dov Zakheim, and Sean O’Keefe, director of NASA all former Northrop officials, consultants, or shareholders currently holding positions in the Bush administration[14]. Also Northrop recently lost a previously acquired $35bn refuelling tanker contract with the US Air Force after complaints of illegal bidding practices[15].

Products include: Advanced Radar Systems, Missile Defence Systems, High-Energy Laser Systems, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Ship Systems, Mission Systems. Specific work include: managing, operating and providing infrastructure support for the Nevada nuclear testing site, B2 Stealth Bomber, Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles, Kinetic Energy inceptor missile shields, Military Satellites, Global Hawk unmanned aircraft, Fire scout unmanned attack helicopter, F-5 Freedom Fighter, T-38 Talon, 25% of the Parts for the F-35 Lightning, Zumwalt class destroyer, Nimitz class aircraft carrier, Virginia class attack submarine, Gerald R. Ford Aircraft Carrier, Aegis Class guided missile destroyer, numerous amphibious assault vessels, Night Vision Goggles[16], Northrop’s subsidiary Vinnell Corporation was replaced after failing to fulfil its $48 million contract to train the Iraqi Army.

Military customers include US, China, Israel, Russia, Iran, Morocco, Chile, Indonesia, Saudi Arabia, Pakistan, Egypt, Libya , Venezuela , Brazil, Kenya , Turkey , Jordan, Singapore, , Kuwait, Ethiopia, Malaysia, , Bahrain, South Korea, , Germany, Portugal, Philippines, Mexico, Thailand, Tunisia, Yemen, Vietnam, Australia, Canada and the UK.

QinetiQ

27th Largest arms manufacturer in the world, 3rd Largest UK arms company. £1 billion arms sales per year, 83% Military sales.

Combat Vehicle Systems (vehicle sensors, displays, power systems), Ballistic missile defence systems (navigation, guidance, detection systems), aircraft maintenance & repair, pilot Equipment (Helmets), Missile Systems, Close Combat Systems (small arms, cannons, infantry systems), Unmanned Aerial Vehicles, Communication Systems, Surveillance Systems[17]

Military sales include the US, UK, Israel (Joint Strike Fighter), Turkey, Austraila, Saudi Arabia, Netherlands and the Philippines.[18]

EADS Defence and Security Systems Limited

8th Largest Arms Manufacturer in the World, Approximately $16 Billion of military sales in 2006[19], 20% of business is military.

EADS products include fighter and transport aircraft, helicopters and missiles. They also manufacture Nuclear Missile launch systems, Cruise Missiles, Ballistic Defence Missiles (Controversially being used the “Missile Shield” by the US and NATO), Eurofighter and Tiger Attack Helicopters.

Deals of special interest include Cougar Helicopters to Brazil, Super Puma Helicopters to Indonesia, Exocet Missiles to Qatar and Oman, Anti-Tank missiles to Turkey, Mistral Missiles to South Korea. EADS also sells military aircraft to more than 89 operators in 38 countries including Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, Indonesia, South Korea, Oman, South Africa, Turkey, Thailand, Poland, The United Arab Emirates[20] and allegedly Burma (Via India)[21].

Thales

11th Largest Arms Manufacturers in the World, second largest UK arms company. Approximately $7 million in military sales, 50% of business is Military.[22]

Military Products include: Air Defence Systems, Missile Systems, Surveillance Systems, Submarines, Helicopters, Communication Systems, Patrol Vessels, Combat Systems, Radar Systems and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles. Thales also specialises in electronics for many types of military vehicles including tanks, aircraft and warships. Thales claims to be ‘present on all types of air, sea and ground military platforms’.[23]

Thales is prime contractor for the Sawari 2 programme, which involves supplying three frigates to Saudi Arabia equipped with the Arabel multi-function anti-air fire control radar and Aster missile system.[24] In Indonesia and Japan Thales has won contracts for maritime patrol systems. Thales is prime contractor for electronic warfare systems for naval vessels and was selected by Brunei for its Waspada ships and by the UK for “Type 45” destroyers.[25] Shorts Missile Systems, which is now owned by Thales, has delivered over 60,000 missiles to 56 armed forces worldwide[26].[27] Thales is also implicated (as well as EADS) in selling the “Advanced Light Helicopter” to Burma (via India)13 and licensed production of night-vision equipment to China (despite an EU embargo), Thales has also allegedly sold arms to Pakistan, Zimbabwe and Columbia.

General Electric

28th Largest Arms Manufacturer in the world. Revenue for the Industrial division of GE is $13.8 Billion[28]. One of the world’s top 3 Jet Manufacturers

GE specialises in engines and component for aircraft, Helicopters tanks and small marine vessels. GE engines can be found in the C5, Air Force One, F-14, F-15, F-16, Stealth Bomber (B-2), U-2, Joint Strike Fighter, Stealth Fighter (F-117), India LCA, X-45B (unmanned attack aircraft), F/A-18 Super Hornet, J79, M1 Abrams Tank, AH-60 Black Hawk Helicopter, A-10 Thunderbolt and others[29]. GE claims that their engines are found in over 55 Countries. GE also sells component for submarines and warships including the US and UK nuclear submarines. GE has also designed more than 90 nuclear facilities and was involved in testing the effects of radiation on humans.

GE supplies US, UK, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Turkey, Egypt, Thailand and many others.

AWE

AWE makes and maintains the UK’s nuclear weapons. AWE is 1/3 owned by the US company Lockheed Martin, the world’s largest arms company, 1/3 by the UK firm Serco, and 1/3 by the UK government owned BNFL. The BNFL 1/3 is currently in the process of being sold to either the US firm Jacobs or Fluor. AWE was in the news in 2006 by its attempts to circumvent nuclear testing treaties by developing a new “Reliable Replacement Warhead”, according to Matrix Chambers; this may be a material breach of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. By continuing to possess and make new nuclear weapons, Britain is failing to comply with its obligations to disarm under the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) which it signed in 1968. The Trident replacement programme to build a new generation of nuclear deterrents is thought to cost the UK taxpayer £75bn over 50 years[30].

Cummins

Cummins is the largest supplier of diesel engines for defence purposes in the Western world and works closely with other arms companies such as BAE systems and Lockheed Martin. Cummins engines can be found in the VSEL AS90 self-propelled howitzer, Bradley Armoured Fighting Vehicle, the MRLS self-propelled rocket launcher, the Scorpion light tank[31]

Cummins military Products are used in the militaries of the US, Israel[32], China, Sudan[33], UK, Czech Republic, Portugal, Denmark, Finland, France, Austria and Poland.

Land Rover

Land Rover’s Defender 4×4 is used for both civilian and military purposes around the world. Land Rover claims to have 70,000 of its vehicles in use around the world[34]. Land Rovers can be found with the militaries and security forces in Zimbabwe, Sudan[35], Israel and UK.

Airbus

Airbus is a subsidiary of EADS, the 7th largest arms company worldwide. Airbus also manufactures military products itself, mainly transport and refuelling aircraft.

Products include the A400M tactical transport aircraft, the Multi-Role Tanker Transport and the KC-45 refuelling aircraft.

Customers include the US, United Arab Emirate, Turkey, UK, Spain, France, Germany, Luxembourg and Belgium.

Unipart

Unipart is an established supplier of services to the UK Defence sector, offering supply chain capabilities and experience of continuous improvement and lean operations.

Unipart’s military products include Future Integrated Soldier Technolgy (FIST): “The FIST system will provide the soldier with improved situational awareness, lethality and survivability.”[36] Battlegroup Thermal Imaging (BGTI) is a programme collaborating with Thales (11th largest arms company globally[37]) to fit thermal imaging (TI) sights to Warrior Armoured Fighting Vehicles (AFV) and CVR(T) Scimitar Close Reconnaissance variants.

These vehicles are currently sold to the militaries of the Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Ireland, Brunei, Botswana, Nigerian, Oman, Philippines, Spain, Thailand, Venezuela, Honduras, Chile, Belgium, UK, Canada, Germany.

Detica

Detica is owned by BAE systems (92% controlling stake. Detica provides consultancy, customized technology, and knowledge management services to government and corporate clients in the defence, homeland security, counterterrorism, intelligence, and Federal markets sectors. BAE believes the UK ‘homeland security and resilience market’ will double to more than £3bn by 2011 and looks to cash in on this[38].

Defence Science Technology Laboratory (DSTL)

DSTL is owned and operated by the Ministry of Defence, it is a hugely secretive organisation that works on high tech military products.

DSTL specialise in biological and chemical warfare, working with anthrax and highly toxic poisons. Their Porton Down site is notorious for testing LSD on armed forces volunteers without their permission and testing the effects of mustard gas on people from different nationalities to study the damage.

MBDA

Part of 8th Largest Arms Manufacturer in the World (owned by EADS, BAE and Marconi), 100% Military, Largest manufacturers of guided missiles in the world.

MBDA boasts over 70 customers worldwide including the US, UK, France, Germany, Italy, Qatar (Exocet Missiles), Oman, Turkey ((Anti-Tank missiles), South Korea (Mistral Missiles), Poland, Israel and India.

Atkins

£100m in yearly revenues from military contracts.

Atkins provides consultancy services to private arms companies and the MoD. Atkin’s projects include the Rolls Royce made Nuclear reactors for submarines, “Type 45 Destroyer” warships made by BAE systems, military aircraft with QinetiQ and Boeing and armoured vehicles made working with DSTL. The Type 45 Destroyer is likely to be sold to Saudi Arabia.[39]

Ricardo

Ricardo provides consultancy for automotive applications. Services include weapon mounting systems, armoured vehicles, systems integration for military applications. Past products include Military Humvees, Armoured Land Rovers and Light tanks such as the CVR(T)[40].

Jacobs

Jacobs provides management consultancy and contruction services to military customers including the MoD, US military, BAE systems, Warships Support Agency and the Atomic Weapons Establishment. Jacobs is involved in construction of facilities for the BAE made Type 45 destroyers[41] to me sold to Saudi Arabia. Jacobs was involved in the construction of docks for UK nuclear armed submarines.

IPL

IPL specialises in software products for arms companies and the MoD. IPL products include software for the Merlin Helicopter used for anti-submarine and anti-surface warfare roles. IPL supplies EADS with bespoke software (EADS is the 7th Largest arms manufacturer in the world[42]).

AMEC

Provides project management services for military services around the world. AMEC has worked with the Atomic Weapons Establishment at Aldermaston and has interests in nuclear weapons. AMEC has many contracts building and maintaining military facilities around the world regardless of their usage.

Military customers include the UK, US, Iraq, Canada, Eastern Europe, Pacific rim and the Middle East.

Lloyds Register

Lloyds Register provide management and technical consultancy services to navies around the world, Lloyds register also consults on defence procurement[43]. Lloyds Register has provided consultancy for arms companies such as Thales[44]. Lloyds Register provides maintenance services for marine vessels including military craft as well as advising on technical design issues.

Tessella

Tessella produces bespoke products for numerous arms companies including working on systems in the new “Type 45 Anti-Air Warfare destroyers” working directly for BAE systems. Tessella is also involved in nuclear experimentation with contract for the JET fusion reactor and Sellafield.

Tessella’s clients include BAE systems, EADS, AWE, British Nuclear Group, Lockheed Martin, MOD, Thales and various Oil companies including Total (Currently Operating in Burma).

Infosys

Infosys provides consultancy on manufacturing, design and information technology areas of the defence industry.

Special Metals Wiggin

Special Metals is a world leader in the invention, production and supply of the high-nickel, high-performance alloys used for the difficult jobs in engineering. Its high strength alloys are specified for military supersonic aircraft, helicopters and spacecraft as well as marine applications for military ships and submarines.

Oliver Wyman

Oliver Wyman is a consultancy company that works with large arms companies particularly in the aerospace area. “Oliver Wyman helps leading Aerospace & Defence firms develop value growth strategies, improve operations, and maximize organizational effectiveness.”[45]

Nestlé

The Warwick Student’s Union supports the Baby Milk Action’s boycott of Nestlé[46]. Nestlé employs approximately 253,000 people in some 511 factories worldwide. Nestlé is the world’s largest food company[47]. With products like Perrier and Nescafé, it is the market leader worldwide in coffee and mineral water[48], the largest manufacturer of pet food, and is fast increasing its share of the ice cream market.

Needless to say, however, this version doesn’t give a very full explanation of the scandals which have plagued the company. The most obvious damage to Nestlé’s reputation has been its unethical marketing of artificial baby milk, particularly in the global south. This started to become a major issue in the 1970s when War on Want published a report called “The Baby Killer”, which was translated into German by the Berne Third World Action Group who were subsequently sued for libel, having named their version “Nestlé Kills Babies”.[49] In 1977 a boycott was launched, which continued until 1984, when Nestlé agreed to abide by the World Health Organization’s International Code of Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes. However, the fact did not match up to the promises and the boycott was re-launched in 1988, continuing vigorously today.

There is, of course, much more to Nestlé than the baby milk issue. The company has attracted criticism for its use of genetically modified ingredients, and for its cocoa and coffee-buying policies, including purchasing cocoa from Ivory Coast, which has recently received heavy press coverage due to the existence of child slavery on cocoa plantations. The company has also been implicated in lobbying against vaccination of livestock during the British Foot and Mouth Disease outbreak in 2001. From environmental destruction in Brazil to the intimidation of trade unionists in Colombia, from demanding millions in compensation from hunger-stricken Ethiopia to bolstering its image through proposing donations to breast cancer charities – Nestlé is one of the world’s most campaigned against companies. [50]


Royal Bank of Scotland

The Royal Bank of Scotland (RBS) is a hugely significant private funder of oil and gas extraction and exploration. Between 2001 and 2006, RBS provided over $10 billion in loans to oil and gas projects. The embedded carbon emissions resulting from these projects in 2006 were greater than the carbon emissions for the whole of Scotland. RBS has positioned itself as ‘the oil and gas bank’. With dedicated oil and gas offices, RBS has significant experience and expertise in the sector, and provides crucial services to oil and gas companies. Working as a hands-on partner to the industry, RBS structured the loan agreements and acted as financial adviser on over $30 billion of projects between 2001 and 2006. Other banks describe RBS as the most competitive in the sector, prepared to undercut other banks and offer cheaper loans and finance the projects no other British bank will.

The intimate relationship that RBS has with the fossil fuel industry extends to new areas of expansion. As traditional oil extraction begins to peak, unconventional fossil fuels, such as oil sands and coal bed methane, are becoming a reality. Previously inaccessible, this ‘dirty’ oil requires far more energy to convert into usable forms than traditional crude oil, resulting in much higher carbon emissions. RBS has called the development of oil sands an “energy-financing growth area”, and identified the need for “drilling dollars” for coal bed methane development. [51]

The NUS and Warwick Students Union is committed to putting pressure on RBS due to RBS’s poor environmental record. The NUS National Treasurer has written twice to the RBS Chairman, threatening to stop banning with them and “…seek alternative, more ethical banking options” by their AGM in 2009, should RBS not significantly change this support and conduct a full and published investigation into their entire, embedded carbon footprint.[52]


[5] BAE systems website, key facts for journalists, http://www.baesystems.co.uk/AboutUs/FactSheet/index.htm

[6] World Rank is from the 2006 top 100 taken from Defense News Top 100 July 2007

[7] CAAT Publications – Arms Fairs, DSEI (2003), http://www.caat.org.uk/publications/armsfairs/dsei-2003-report/baes.php, Accessed 5/11/07

[8] As used on the famous Nelson Mandela, Thomas, 2006, Ebury Press pp212-222

[9] CorporateWatch – BAE systems, A corporate Profile 2003, http://www.corporatewatch.org.uk/?lid=182

[10] CAAT Publications – Rolls Royce, http://www.caat.org.uk/publications/companies/rolls-royce2003.php , Accessed 7/10/07

[11] Rolls Royce Annual Report 2006, http://www.rolls-royce.com/investors/reports/2006/pdfs/rrar_2006.pdf , accessed 7/10/07

[12] “A basic summary of what we know about Rolls Royce Raynesway (RRR) and Rolls Royce (RR) as a company” handout.

[13] Publications – Northrop Grumman, http://www.caat.org.uk/publications/companies/northrop.php, Accessed 1/11/08

[14] Corpwatch: Northrop Gumman, http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?list=type&type=11 accessed 1/11/08

[15] The Times 11/9/08

[16] Northrop Grumman capabilities brochure

[17] CAAT Publications – QinetiQ, http://www.caat.org.uk/publications/companies/qinetiq.php , Accessed 5/11/07

[18] QinetiQ Annual report 2007, http://www.investis.com/reports/qntq_ar_2007_en/report.php? , Accessed 5/11/07

[20] CAAT Publications – EADS, http://www.caat.org.uk/publications/companies/eads2003.php , Accessed 7/10/07

[21] “Indian helicopters for Myanmar: making a mockery of the EU arms embargo?”, Amnesty International Report, http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGASA200142007?open&of=ENG-2AS , Accessed 7/10/07

[22] CAAT Publications – Thales, http://www.caat.org.uk/publications/companies/thales.php , Accessed 7/10/07

[28] GE Annual Report 2006, Financial Statement, Segment Operations, Industrial Segment, http://www.ge.com/ar2006/mda_segop_ind.htm , accessed 7/10/07

[29] GE Military Engines http://www.geaviation.com/engines/military/index.html, accessed 7/10/07

[30] Time for a real review of defence spending, Robert Fox, Guardian Comment is free, 4/9/08

[31] World Defence Systems Website- Company Profiles – Cummins http://www.sovereign-publications.com/cummins.htm accessed 30/9/08

[32] Defense update online defense magazine http://www.defense-update.com/newscast/0608/news/news1706_euro_xtream.htm accessed 30/9/08

[33] Amnesty International Annual Report 2006

[35] “British firm breaks Sudan arms boycott” Jon Swain & Brian Johnson Thomas Sunday Times, 22/4/2007

[37] World Rank is from the 2006 top 100 taken from Defense News Top 100 July 2007

[38] Financial Times 29/7/08

[39] “UK seek £2bn Saudi destroyer contract”, Michael Harrison, The Independent, Published 9/3/2007, http://news.independent.co.uk/business/news/article2341426.ece , Accessed 14/10/07

[40] Ricardo Document – Defence Systems and Technology, http://www.ricardo.com/download/pdf/DS+T4pp_lr_1.pdf, Accessed 5/11/07

[41] Jacob Babtie – Facilities for type 45 on the Clyde http://www.jacobsbabtie.com/casestudies/casestudy.aspx?id=4&c=4&d=1040 , Accessed 5/11/07

[42] CAAT Publications –EADS, http://www.caat.org.uk/publications/companies/eads.php , Accessed 14/10/07

[43] Lloyds Register Website – “Sectors We Serve – Defence”, http://www.lr.org/Industries/Defence, Accessed 5/11/07

[44] LRQA Website – Case Studies, Thales, http://www.lr.org/Industries/LRQA/Case+studies/Thales.htm, Accessed 5/11/07

[45] Oliver Wyman Industry Capabilities http://www.oliverwyman.com/ow/85.htm , accessed 7/10/07

[46] Warwick Students Union Policy 506 “Nestle”

[48] Hoovers Database, Nestle – Company overview www.hoovers.com/co/capsule/5/0,2163,41815,00.html

[50] Corporate Watch, Nestle Overview http://www.corporatewatch.org.uk/?lid=237

[51] People and Planet, “The Oil Bank of Scotland, RBS Campaign Summary” http://peopleandplanet.org/ditchdirtydevelopment/privatefunding

[52] Warwick Students Union Policy 684 “Putting pressure on Natwest/RBS”

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Photo by Lewis Bush

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Warwick Solidarity Sit-in

January 22, 2009

Since 12.30 yesterday the lecture theatre SO.21 has been reclaimed for discussion, talks, films and expressing solidarity with the victims of the Israel-Palestine conflict in the light of the recent violence in Gaza. The students occupying are approaching the issue from a pro-peace direction and are demanding that the university stop its support for arms companies who profit out of this conflict. Therefore Weapons out of Warwick would like to express its solidarity with the action of these brave students and are going to provide support in what ways they can. Please see the website for the sit-in at www.warwicksolidaritysitin.wordpress.com

Peace


Unethical Careers Service

January 20, 2009

By Barnaby Pace

First Published Warwick Boar 20/1/09

There is a group in the world that facilitates murder, evades the legal system, spies on its enemies and is implicated in war crimes, terrorism and genocide, and no I am not talking about the Bush administration right now. I am in fact referring to the global arms industry. It is alone in its reckless pursuit of profit through selling products designed to kill to whoever they can. Arms dealers can take many forms, from the seedy gun runners who transport weapons violating UN embargoes to Liberia, Somalia or North Korea, but more often those in the arms trade appear more like the average businessman or worker. However these two extremes of appearance cannot be separated, it is the big companies of this world that produce the weapons that end up all over the world, you cannot talk about Victor Bout (portrayed in the film Lord of War) without talking about companies such as BAE Systems or Lockheed Martin who make the weaponry in the first place.

In a capitalist based world the arms trade’s primary motive is profit, through selling weapons to whoever can pay, unsurprisingly those who pay often intend to use the weapons, this often conflicts with the legality and morality of the rest of society. As an arms company gets larger, it can pay for better political connections and better public relations, but the conflict between its activities and what it would like to admit is always there. The topic has become much more obvious over the last few years with the discoveries, investigations and court cases surrounding the Al-Yamamah arms deal to Saudi Arabia, in which BAE systems was the primary supplier of weaponry. It is alleged that BAE paid over £1 billion in bribes to members of the Saudi Regime. This case is not unique; BAE alone is currently being investigated for six other bribery cases around the world. Arms companies are not willing to disclose their customers, this may be common practice among many businesses. Most businesses however do not need to hide that they sold fighter jets to Robert Mugabe (as BAE and Rolls Royce have), torture equipment for Guantanamo Bay (BAE subsidiary Hiatts), or gave £1 million in bribes to General Pinochet (BAE again). This is merely a taste of what has been uncovered about the arms industry.

Arms companies frequently attempt to defend their activities, claiming that they are essential for employment, despite the huge subsidy they receive amounting to an estimated £13,153.23 per arms trade job. They claim to be essential for national security yet sell to anyone they can and skew our own military’s equipment purchases. They claim that “If we didn’t do, someone else would”, a defence heroin dealers would love if it worked in court.  Arms companies must be forced to account for their actions and therefore what is needed is not PR but an examination of the facts.

I feel that everyone should know these facts about arms companies. I especially feel that students who might think about applying for jobs with arms companies should know these facts. Yet our own university inform students at all. Instead every few weeks an arms company will come and recruit on campus, spreading their own propaganda about their company, promoted and legitimised by the Careers Service. You might see some protestors outside the building handing out leaflets, asking arms industry representatives searching questions at their stalls, or unveiling t-shirts detailing facts about arms companies in the fair before being escorted out by security, believing that T-shirts with facts about arms companies are too disruptive. The Careers Service should be assisting students to learn the full facts about potential employers, instead the careers service advertises for companies, no matter their quality, and does not allow the negative side of the company to be seen. It is left to the handful of anti-arms trade campaigners to attempt to inform students about these companies’ dirty dealings that they will not include in their recruitment pitch. I am proud to be a part of the Weapons out of Warwick campaign, who oppose these merchants of death whose profits come at the unacceptable cost of causing the deaths of millions and untold suffering around the world.


BAE protest at Warwick University

January 20, 2009

Account of our disruptive protest against a BAE recruitment event

Last Thursday, a group of Warwick university students, in opposition to the arms trade and in solidarity with Gaza, protested a recruitment event run by BAE and Warwick Careers Service. BAE is the third largest arms manufacturer in the world and the inclusion of Israel in its (very colourful) list of customers made action particularly important at this time for us. On their way in, attendees were leafleted with our BAE alternative careers guide (available at https://weaponsoutofwarwick.wordpress.com/ ) At the start of the talk a group of students stood up, with one giving an excellent and emotive speech about the darker side of a career with BAE. During the talk itself a second group stood up to disrupt the presentation by reading a second speech, heroically ignoring the pleas of the Careers Service to be quiet. At the end of the BAE presentation the sheer number of students asking questions about the unethical nature of the company led to the group question session being abandoned. It is strengthening to be part of a broader campaign across universities against companies such as BAE and after our action we had much excited chatter about activism over a pint or two.

Rolls Royce

November 18, 2008

Rolls Royce will be running a recruitment event this evening at Warwick Campus. Therefore some information that they probably won’t mention is shown here.


17th Largest Arms Manufacturer in the world. 2nd Largest UK Arms Company. Approximately $14.2 Billion of Military Sales making up 25% of total sales. Rolls Royce is the 2nd Largest Manufacturer of Aerospace Engines powering approximately 25% of the world’s military aircraft and has its equipment installed on over 2,200 warships including all of the UK’s nuclear submarines2.

Rolls Royce Produces engines for Military aircraft made by other arms companies such as BAE systems, Boeing and Lockheed Martin, they manufacture the engines for the Eurofighter, Jaguar, Harrier, Tornado, Hawk Jet, Apache and Tiger attack helicopters. Rolls Royce also deals in ship design, electronics for naval forces and submarine equipment. Rolls Royce’s Subsidiary Rolls Royce Raynesway manufacturers parts for nuclear reactors including control rods, valves and other components and its plant at Raynesway.

The Raynesway plant has numerous safety concerns about the control and techniques for nuclear waste disposal.

Military customers include:

Israel

Indonesia

Turkey

US

UK

Saudi Arabia

Oman

Bahrain

United Arab Emirates

Brunei

Malaysia

South Korea

Kenya

Zimbabwe

Rolls Royce also sells the jet engines used in the Myanmar national airline, a nationalised operation which helps finance the Burmese Junta.


Arms Companies at Warwick 6/10/08

October 6, 2008

Arms Companies at Warwick

There are a number of arms companies attending the “Graduate Recruitment Fair” on the 6th and 7th of October. The University careers service recommends that you find out as much about the companies attending as you can, we feel that this is a very reasonable suggestion. We feel that arms companies do not provide a full account of their activities and therefore this leaflet is intended to help you know the facts the arms companies attending probably will not include in their recruitment pitch. Although the members of the Weapons out of Warwick campaign have strong opinions about the negative impact of these companies in the world, we acknowledge that not every student agrees with us, we feel that students whatever they’re opinion should be aware of the issues surrounding the arms trade and the companies who visit our campus.

Rolls Royce

17th Largest Arms Manufacturer in the world[1]. 2nd Largest UK Arms Company. Approximately $14.2 Billion of Military Sales making up 25% of total sales[2]. Rolls Royce is the 2nd Largest Manufacturer of Aerospace Engines powering approximately 25% of the world’s military aircraft and has its equipment installed on over 2,200 warships including all of the UK’s nuclear submarines10.

Products

Rolls Royce Produces engines for Military aircraft made by other arms companies such as BAE systems, Boeing and Lockheed Martin, they manufacture the engines for the Eurofighter, Jaguar, Harrier, Tornado, Hawk Jet, Apache and Tiger attack helicopters. Rolls Royce also deals in ship design, electronics for naval forces and submarine equipment. Rolls Royce’s Subsidiary Rolls Royce Raynesway manufacturers parts for nuclear reactors including control rods, valves and other components and its plant at Raynesway has numerous safety concerns about the control and techniques for nuclear waste disposal[3].

Who they sell to

Military customers include Israel, Indonesia (Hawk jets sold during the East Timor conflict and allegedly used against civilians in the Aceh province), Turkey, US, UK, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Bahrain, UAE, Brunei, Malaysia, South Korea, Kenya and Zimbabwe. Rolls Royce also sells the jet engines used in the Myanmar national airline which is a nationalised operation which helps finance the Burmese Junta.

EADS Defence and Security Systems Limited

8th Largest Arms Manufacturer in the World, Approximately $16 Billion of military sales in 2006[4], 20% of business is military.

Products

EADS products include fighter and transport aircraft, helicopters and missiles. They also manufacture Nuclear Missile launch systems, Cruise Missiles, Ballistic Defence Missiles (Controversially being used in the “Missile Shield” by the US and NATO), Eurofighter and Tiger Attack Helicopters.

Countries Sold To

Deals of special interest include Cougar Helicopters to Brazil, Super Puma Helicopters to Indonesia, Exocet Missiles to Qatar and Oman, Anti-Tank missiles to Turkey, Mistral Missiles to South Korea. EADS also sells military aircraft to more than 89 operators in 38 countries including Argentina, Chile, Ecuador, Indonesia, South Korea, Oman, South Africa, Turkey, Thailand, Poland, The United Arab Emirates[5] and allegedly Burma (Via India)[6].

General Electric (GE)

28th Largest Arms Manufacturer in the world. Revenue for the Industrial division of GE is $13.8 Billion[7]. One of the world’s top 3 Jet Manufacturers

Products

GE specialises in engines and component for aircraft, Helicopters tanks and small marine vessels. GE engines can be found in the C5, Air Force One, F-14, F-15, F-16, Stealth Bomber (B-2), U-2, Joint Strike Fighter, Stealth Fighter (F-117), India LCA, X-45B (unmanned attack aircraft), F/A-18 Super Hornet, J79, M1 Abrams Tank, AH-60 Black Hawk Helicopter, A-10 Thunderbolt and others[8]. GE claims that their engines are found in over 55 Countries. GE also sells component for submarines and warships including the US and UK nuclear submarines. GE has also designed more than 90 nuclear facilities and was involved in testing the effects of radiation on humans.

Who they sell to

GE supplies US, UK, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Turkey, Egypt, Thailand and many others.

Cummins

Cummins is the largest supplier of diesel engines for defence purposes in the Western world and works closely with other arms companies such as BAE systems and Lockheed Martin. Cummins engines can be found in the VSEL AS90 self-propelled howitzer, Bradley Armoured Fighting Vehicle, the MRLS self-propelled rocket launcher, the Scorpion light tank[9]

Cummins military Products are used in the militaries of the US, Israel[10], China, Sudan[11], UK, Czech Republic, Portugal, Denmark, Finland, France, Austria and Poland.

Land Rover

Land Rover’s Defender 4×4 is used for both civilian and military purposes around the world. Land Rover claims to have 70,000 of its vehicles in use around the world[12]. Land Rovers can be found with the militaries and security forces in Zimbabwe, Sudan[13], Israel and UK.

Unipart

Unipart is an established supplier of services to the UK Defence sector, offering supply chain capabilities and experience of continuous improvement and lean operations.

Unipart’s military products include Future Integrated Soldier Technolgy (FIST): “The FIST system will provide the soldier with improved situational awareness, lethality and survivability.”[14] Battlegroup Thermal Imaging (BGTI) is a programme collaborating with Thales (11th largest arms company globally[15]) to fit thermal imaging (TI) sights to Warrior Armoured Fighting Vehicles (AFV) and CVR(T) Scimitar Close Reconnaissance variants.

These vehicles are currently sold to the militaries of the Indonesia, Iran, Jordan, Ireland, Brunei, Botswana, Nigerian, Oman, Philippines, Spain, Thailand, Venezuela, Honduras, Chile, Belgium, UK, Canada, Germany.

To find out more about the Weapons out of Warwick Campaign see weaponsoutwarwick.wordpress.com


[1] CAAT Publications – Rolls Royce, http://www.caat.org.uk/publications/companies/rolls-royce2003.php , Accessed 7/10/07

[2] Rolls Royce Annual Report 2006, http://www.rolls-royce.com/investors/reports/2006/pdfs/rrar_2006.pdf , accessed 7/10/07

[3] “A basic summary of what we know about Rolls Royce Raynesway (RRR) and Rolls Royce (RR) as a company” handout.

[4] EADS Annual Review, http://www.eads.com/xml/content/OF00000000400004/5/07/41590075.pdf, Accessed 7/10/07

[5] CAAT Publications – EADS, http://www.caat.org.uk/publications/companies/eads2003.php , Accessed 7/10/07

[6] “Indian helicopters for Myanmar: making a mockery of the EU arms embargo?”, Amnesty International Report, http://web.amnesty.org/library/Index/ENGASA200142007?open&of=ENG-2AS , Accessed 7/10/07

[7] GE Annual Report 2006, Financial Statement, Segment Operations, Industrial Segment, http://www.ge.com/ar2006/mda_segop_ind.htm , accessed 7/10/07

[8] GE Military Engines http://www.geaviation.com/engines/military/index.html,  accessed 7/10/07

[9] World Defence Systems Website- Company Profiles – Cummins http://www.sovereign-publications.com/cummins.htm accessed 30/9/08

[10] Defense update online defense magazine http://www.defense-update.com/newscast/0608/news/news1706_euro_xtream.htm accessed 30/9/08

[11] Amnesty International Annual Report 2006

[12] Army Technology Website – Land Rover http://www.army-technology.com/contractors/vehicles/ landrover/accesssed 1/10/08

[13] “British firm breaks Sudan arms boycott” Jon Swain & Brian Johnson Thomas Sunday Times, 22/4/2007

[14] Unipart Defence Website http://www.udefence.com/cms/udalweb.nsf/vCategory/7B3DAAF53D89EDDF802571FD00511574?OpenDocument accessed 29/9/08

[15] World Rank is from the 2006 top 100 taken from Defense News Top 100 July 2007


You Better Observe Yourself

October 6, 2008

BAE’s decision to bring private security to careers fairs as “observers” raises concerns for the welfare of students wishing to protest.

This year there have been a number of protests at careers fairs. These have been organised by students angry at the university careers service promoting arms companies at these events. All the protests this year have been entirely non-violent both at Warwick and all similar protests nationwide. The most disruptive incident this year was a stunt where 11 students dressed as grim reapers stood silently next to arms company stalls to illustrate the lethality of the arms companies’ products, these protesters were swiftly removed from the fair by Warwick security and the police in a matter of minutes. We are indeed fortunate to have police officers that take their duty to protect the peace so seriously that they will take time out from patrolling the streets to save Warwick students and staff from being subjected to the horrors of non-violent protest.

However BAE systems, the UK’s largest arms company, which has exhibited twice at careers fair at Warwick this year seems to feel that Warwick’s security is insufficient. An internal BAE memo leaked earlier this year read “Following a meeting this afternoon with [name deleted] the way security is managed at careers fairs will be reviewed. The decision has been taken to provide additional BAE Systems security at events considered to be a risk, in particular Sheffield, Birmingham, Leeds, Warwick, Lancaster, UCLAN.”

Should we be worried about BAE bringing additional security with them to campus? Perhaps so, BAE does not have an exemplary history in dealing with its critics. BAE has in fact been caught twice spying on the peaceful Campaign Against the Arms Trade (CAAT) organisation and collected information on its members, activities and stolen confidential legal advice given to CAAT. Yet university appears not to take issue with companies such as BAE bringing their own security with them. Asked for comment the university spokesman Peter Dunn said “Security on the campus is undertaken by the security staff, they deal with all the student activity, staff and visitors. Occasionally where an outside organisation has concerns for their staff safety they may, and sometimes do, have their representatives on campus to observe our security team’s operation, advise their own staff, and liaise between their own staff and our own security team. If the University security team needs any external support we would seek that from the police. Security team are all SIA registered and operate to this high standard.” Unfortunately it seems to me that it would be naïve to believe that security personnel brought in by a company being protested against would only observe. It seems obvious that security personnel employed by BAE systems might not make the welfare of students their priority and could not be as even handed as the police or Warwick security but could pose a welfare risk to students protesting given the company’s past attempts to investigate, infiltrate and disrupt anti-arms trade campaigns. It also seems worrying that BAE feels the need for added security when students have only protested peacefully.

Asked for comment Richard Hamer, education partnerships director for BAE Systems said “BAE Systems has never indicated that it is not satisfied with the security provided at UK university careers fairs. BAE Systems representatives at Campus recruitment events are typically recent young graduates from these institutions. We value our links with Warwick, and its undergraduate students. BAE Systems has a great deal to offer talented graduates. We train more skilled engineers in the UK than any other company and provide careers full of opportunity. BAE Systems has always hired and trained the very best people and it is investment like this that keeps us, and the UK, at the forefront of technology and engineering across the world.” Sadly the evidence of the leaked memo seems to contradict the claim that BAE is satisfied with security provisions at careers fair but instead sees the peace campaigners as posing a risk. There is also a black irony that as BAE says they have “a great deal to offer talented graduates”, in the UK that may mean a salary and a job but elsewhere in the world its products are used to oppress and murder students in places like East Timor or Palestine. I wonder how much BAE values its links with the undergraduates protesting against the company’s presence on campus, or student union has a policy of asking for the exclusion of arms companies from the university on account of their human rights abuses.

Ed Callow, Welfare officer for the Students Union put it simply “Ed Callow “Unless there has been a sudden outbreak of students launching violent assaults on arms company representatives that I’m unaware of I really cannot see the need for these companies to start bringing their own private security onto UK university campuses. Arms companies who come to Warwick already have Warwick security’s presence to ensure that careers events run smoothly and the students union and the students union has a very good working relationship with this service of the university. On the plus side, if you can call it that, this news does appear to show that student protest against the presence of arms companies at UK universities is finally beginning to have an effect.”

The university needs to decide whether it wants its security team and the police looking out for students on campus or if can trust an arms company with a worrying history to bring their own security staff, to act fairly and look after the welfare of students and allowing their right to protest.